One of concrete’s most defining properties is its change from a fluid state into a rigid one during the process of curing. The liquid concrete is poured in a mould that can hold almost any shape, thus presenting the other main characteristic of concrete: it can take almost any form and texture. Traditionally these two properties are interdependent and over past times refined, developed and taken advantage of for architectural expression as well as for industrial efficiency.
We all know ‘beton-brut’ or ‘brutalism’ as one of the more expressive styles of applying concrete. Making most of its capability to mirror the formwork textures and combining form with concrete’s mass as a major feature to create architectural or sculptural works expressing sturdiness, robustness, or durability. Similarly, the formwork textures and shapes can be utilized to express elegance and sophistication, through a refined play with shadows and smoothness, slender structures and curved surfaces. Due to being able to produce almost any form, concrete elements can directly show structural principles or shape complex spaces.
Current developments on formwork technologies aim to industrialize the processes of creating formwork. From a more craftmanship-like technique towards a more robotically driven one. In part these developments are driven by the ambition to extend parametric design possibilities to economically viable manufacturing processes, thus creating the opportunity for designers and clients to create complex and efficient structures, while maintaining an abundance of formal options to explore. Parallel ambitions on topics as sustainability and circularity also demand adaptable systems that minimize waste materials and optimize speed and accuracy. The developments range from CnC-milling formwork parts to 3D-printing directly with concrete, eliminating the formwork altogether. In between we'll find experiments with fabric formwork systems, 3D printed formwork with reusable materials, robotically assembled traditional formwork materials, and so on.
What remains are the properties of concrete that define its architectural and structural use, its textures and the shapes it can take and create. FORM-WORKS intends to identify specific concrete potential in terms of production as well as in terms of expression and presence.
The 9th Concrete Design Competition on FORM-WORKS asks students of architecture, design, and engineering to explore and exploit the potential of concrete’s properties with respect to any notion of FORM-WORKS. These can be related to inherent material properties, concrete’s production processes, and its application in new or existing structures. They may address aesthetic desires, structural systems or fabrication methods and comment on economic realities, sustainability demands or social issues.
This competition does not prescribe a specific location or program; participants can choose a context of their own that supports their fascinations and ambitions and that fits an acute presentation of their ideas. Proposals may range from objects, furniture, and architectural details, to housing, landscape interventions, complex buildings, infrastructure, and structural systems. Competition entries need to address technical and functional aspects as well as formal and programmatic ones – ideas need to be tested through design proposals to convincingly demonstrate their potential. They will be reviewed on the combination of inventiveness in addressing the competition’s theme and architectural implications.
The 9th Concrete Design Competition – FORM-WORKS runs in four European countries during the academic year 2019 - 2020. National laureates will be invited to participate in a weeklong international workshop in Ireland (August 23 - 29, 2020) facilitated by the industry featuring renowned lecturers, experts, and critics, further exploring concrete and FORM-WORKS.
9TH CONCRETE DESIGN COMPETITION ON FORM-WORKS
FORM; 1 the visible shape or configuration of something; style, design, and arrangement in an artistic work as distinct from its content 2 a particular way in which a thing exists or appears 3a type or variety of something 4 the customary or correct method or procedure 11 another term for shuttering
ORIGIN based on Latin forma‘a mould or form’
WORK; 1 activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to achieve a result 3 a thing or things done or made; the result of an action 4 (works) a place or premises in which industrial or manufacturing processes are carried out 8 (the works) everything needed, desired, or expected
-work> combining form denoting things or parts made of a specified material or with specified tools: silverwork
OXFORD DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH
AB270 - Dutch Light, Dutch Landscape
Alexander Beeloo – Amsterdam Academy of Architecture
AC120 - Defensive Architecture as Landscape
Ireland (Highly Commended)
John Theodore Moran – Queens University Belfast
CA214 - MODULAR e-Bench
Nigel Flanagan, Bethany Kiss, Sofia Pavlova & Leon Thormann – Delft University of Technology
DD462 - Velvet Concrete
Netherlands (Second Prize)
Michiel Derikx & Koen van Dijk – Eindhoven University of Technology
EM996 - discrete
Belgium (Honourable Mention)
Eva Baplu, Manon De Backer & Thomas De Jonckheer – Thomas More Mechelen
ES020 - ECHOSEAT
Nick van Dijke, Marijn van Rozendaal, jahan Tahamtan & Luuk Verhagen – Fontys School of Fine and Performing Arts, Tilburg
GC735 - CO2 Capture Concrete Facade Panel
Ireland (Highly Commended)
Kate Newe – University College Dublin
HB797 - UHPC Pavillon
Germany (First Prize)
Andras Kispal, Florian Lapport & Yasin Roßbach – TU Kaiserslautern
II111 - Intelligente Ruine
Germany (Honourable Mention)
Ayoub Azzabi, Vanja Jovancic & Goran Travar – TU München
KR999 - CHAINLINK
Netherlands (Honourable Mention)
Kyra Heijblom & Rick Wassenaar – Eindhoven Univeristy of Technology
MS999 - Multi-Facade
Netherlands (Third Prize)
Clara Beckers, Jemina Lai & Hannah Zhu – Delft University of Technology
SC417 - Slag-Crete
Netherlands (Nominee )
Jiri Brakenhoff, Julianne Guevara & Diego Toribio – Delft University of Technology
SW580 - Acute Acoustics
Netherlands (First Prize)
David Fritz, Siri Mulleners & Saskia Tideman – Delft University of Technology
VO910 - CONCURVE
Belgium (First Prize)
Wouter Persyn, Ine Verhaege & Dries Voet – Thomas More Mechelen
Guy Mouton (Jury Chair), Olivier Gallez, Hilde Huyghe, Tania Vandenbussche & Adrien Verschuere
Sandra Hofmeister, Markus Holzbach, Jan Kampshoff, Ulrich Nolting, Holger Techen & Anca Timofticiuc
Donal O'Donohue, Jeana Gearty, Steve Larkin & Jim Mulholland
Juliette Bekkering (Jury Chair), Diederik Veenendaal, Marieke Kums, Max Rink & Niels van der Hulst