Due to the current Covid-19 stituation and the various restrictions and reccomendations in the participating countries, we have decided to postpone the Concrete Design Master Class on FORM-WORKS to August 2021.

Please check your national secretary pages, for further details on possible new dates for entry submissions and such.


One of concrete’s most defining properties is its change from a fluid state into a rigid one during the process of curing. The liquid concrete is poured in a mould that can hold almost any shape, thus presenting the other main characteristic of concrete: it can take almost any form and texture. Traditionally these two properties are interdependent and over past times refined, developed and taken advantage of for architectural expression as well as for industrial efficiency.


We all know ‘beton-brut’ or ‘brutalism’ as one of the more expressive styles of applying concrete. Making most of its capability to mirror the formwork textures and combining form with concrete’s mass as a major feature to create architectural or sculptural works expressing sturdiness, robustness, or durability. Similarly, the formwork textures and shapes can be utilized to express elegance and sophistication, through a refined play with shadows and smoothness, slender structures and curved surfaces. Due to being able to produce almost any form, concrete elements can directly show structural principles or shape complex spaces.   


Current developments on formwork technologies aim to industrialize the processes of creating formwork. From a more craftmanship-like technique towards a more robotically driven one. In part these developments are driven by the ambition to extend parametric design possibilities to economically viable manufacturing processes, thus creating the opportunity for designers and clients to create complex and efficient structures, while maintaining an abundance of formal options to explore. Parallel ambitions on topics as sustainability and circularity also demand adaptable systems that minimize waste materials and optimize speed and accuracy. The developments range from CnC-milling formwork parts to 3D-printing directly with concrete, eliminating the formwork altogether. In between we'll find experiments with fabric formwork systems, 3D printed formwork with reusable materials, robotically assembled traditional formwork materials, and so on.


What remains are the properties of concrete that define its architectural and structural use, its textures and the shapes it can take and create. FORM-WORKS intends to identify specific concrete potential in terms of production as well as in terms of expression and presence. 


The 9th Concrete Design Competition on FORM-WORKS asks students of architecture, design, and engineering to explore and exploit the potential of concrete’s properties with respect to any notion of FORM-WORKS. These can be related to inherent material properties, concrete’s production processes, and its application in new or existing structures. They may address aesthetic desires, structural systems or fabrication methods and comment on economic realities, sustainability demands or social issues. 


This competition does not prescribe a specific location or program; participants can choose a context of their own that supports their fascinations and ambitions and that fits an acute presentation of their ideas. Proposals may range from objects, furniture, and architectural details, to housing, landscape interventions, complex buildings, infrastructure, and structural systems. Competition entries need to address technical and functional aspects as well as formal and programmatic ones – ideas need to be tested through design proposals to convincingly demonstrate their potential. They will be reviewed on the combination of inventiveness in addressing the competition’s theme and architectural implications.


The 9th Concrete Design Competition – FORM-WORKS runs in four European countries during the academic year 2019 - 2020. National laureates will be invited to participate in a weeklong international workshop in Ireland (August 23 - 29, 2020) facilitated by the industry featuring renowned lecturers, experts, and critics, further exploring concrete and FORM-WORKS.

COMPETITION BRIEF


FORM1 the visible shape or configuration of something; style, design, and arrangement in an artistic work as distinct from its content 2 a particular way in which a thing exists or appears 3a type or variety of something 4 the customary or correct method or procedure 11 another term for shuttering
ORIGIN based on Latin forma‘a mould or form’

WORK1 activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to achieve a result 3 a thing or things done or made; the result of an action 4 (works) a place or premises in which industrial or manufacturing processes are carried out 8 (the works) everything needed, desired, or expected
-workcombining form denoting things or parts made of a specified material or with specified tools: silverwork

OXFORD DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH


American Cement Building, Los Angeles USA
DMJM architects
https://www.laconservancy.org/locations/american-cement-building-lofts
image source: bureaubakker

 

Aquatics Centre, London UK
Zaha Hadid Architects
http://www.zaha-hadid.com/architecture/london-aquatics-centre/
image source: bureaubakker

 

Arcus Center for Social Justice Leadership for FREESPACE Venice, Kalamazoo USA
Studio Gang
http://studiogang.com/project/freespace
image source: bureaubakker

Art Foundation Sachsen Anhalt, Halle DE
G.tecz
https://www.gtecz-engineering.com
image source: G.tecz

 

Chapel Our Lady of Kerselare, Oudenaarde, Kerselare BE 
Juliaan Lampens
image source: bureaubakker

 

La Cité Radieuse, Marseille FR
Le Corbusier
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unité_d%27habitation
image source: bureaubakker

 

La Congiunta, Giornico CH
Peter Markli
http://www.hiddenarchitecture.net/2015/04/la-congiunta.html
image source: bureaubakker

 

Eggshell, 3D printed thin-shell formwork
Gramazio Kohler Research, ETH Zürich
http://gramaziokohler.arch.ethz.ch/web/e/forschung/334.html
image source: Gramazio Kohler Research, ETH Zurich

 

Extended Waal Bridge, Nijmegen NL
Zwarts & Jansma Architects
https://www.zja.nl/en/Verlengde-Waalbrug-Nijmegen
image source: bureaubakker

 

Querini Stampalia Foundation
Venice, Italy, 1963
Carlo Scarpa

Johnson Museum of Art Addition, Ithaca USA
Pei Cobb Freed & Partners
https://www.pcf-p.com/projects/johnson-museum-of-art-addition-cornell-university/
image source: bureaubakker

 

Kine-Mould
Roel Schipper, et al., Delft University of Technology
https://www.4tu.nl/bouw/en/LHP2014/kine-mould/
image source: Roel Schipper, et al.

 

KnitCandela, sinuous concrete shell built on ultra-lightweight knitted formwork
Zaha Hadid Architects, ETH Zürich / Block Research Group
http://www.zaha-hadid.com/design/knitcandela/
http://block.arch.ethz.ch/brg/project/knit-candela-muac-mexico-city
image source: https://www.ethz.ch/en/news-and-events/eth-news/news/2018/10/knitted-concrete.html

 

Lentloper Bridge, Nijmegen NL
Ney Poulissen Architects & Engineers 
https://www.ney.be/project/promenade-bridge.html
image source: bureaubakker

 

Loop Chair
Willy Guhl
image source: bureaubakker

 

Memorial of the Murdered Jews of Europe, Berlin DE
Eisenman Architects
https://eisenmanarchitects.com/Berlin-Memorial-to-the-Murdered-Jews-of-Europe-2005
image source: bureaubakker

 

Milstein Hall Cornell University, Ithaca USA
OMA
http://oma.eu/projects/milstein-hall-cornell-university
image source: bureaubakker

 

MPM, Hoegaarden BE
Fabien van Tomme
https://www.facebook.com/pg/emmotnavneibaf/posts/
image source: bureaubakker

 

MuCEM, Marseille FR
Rudy Ricciotti Architects
http://rudyricciotti.com/projet/musee-des-civilisations-deurope-et-de-mediterranee#!/rudyricciotti.com/wp
image source: bureaubakker

 

Municipal Complex Oudergem, Brussels BE
J. Vermeulen & A.M. van Antwerpen
image source: bureaubakker

 

Nevigeser Wallfahrtsdom, Neviges DE 
Gottfried Bohm
https://www.archinform.net/projekte/1266.htm
image source: bureaubakker

 

Phaeno Science Centre, Wolfsburg DE
Zaha Hadid Architects
http://www.zaha-hadid.com/architecture/phaeno-science-centre/
image source: bureaubakker

 

Plantahof Auditorium, Landquart CH
Valerio Olgiati
http://www.delood.com/architecture/plantahof-auditorium-valerio-olgiati
image source: bureaubakker

 

Portuguese National Pavilion, Lisbon PT
Alvaro Siza
https://www.archdaily.com/583307/ad-classics-expo-98-portuguese-national-pavilion-alvaro-siza
image source: bureaubakker

 

Radio Kootwijk, NL 
Julius Maria Luthmann
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_Kootwijk
image source: bureaubakker

 

Regional Centre Natuurmonumenten, Zierikzee NL 
Rink Tilanus
http://rinktilanus.nl/index.php/project/natuurmonumenten/
image source: bureaubakker

 

Spencer Dock Bridge, Dublin IE
Amanda Levete
https://www.ala.uk.com/projects/spencer-dock-bridge/
image source: bureaubakker

 

Überbauung Da Nus, Flims CH
K&L architekten
http://www.kl-architekten.ch/front_content.php?idart=278&idcat=7
image source: bureaubakker

 

Watertower, Ghlin BE
V+
http://www.vplus.org/water-tower-ghlin
image source: bureaubakker

 

Water Tower UCD, Dublin IE
A&D Wejchert Architects
http://www.wejchert.ie
image source: bureaubakker