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en•er•gy [LL energia, fr. Gk energeia, activity, operation, fr. energos active, effective fr. en in + ergon work – more at IN, WORK] 1 of language or style: imaginative or affective force : VITALITY 2 : the capacity of acting, operating, or producing an effect : inherent power 3 : power efficiently and forcefully exerted : vigorous or effectual operation : VIGOROUSNESS 4 a : the realized state of potentialities as opposed to their unrealized state – compare ENTELECHY b (1) : ACTIVITY; esp : psychical activity (2) : the product of activity : EFFECT 5 : an entity rated as the most fundamental of all physical concepts and usu. regarded as the equivalent of or the capacity for doing work either being associated with material bodies (as a coiled spring or speeding train) or having an existence independent of matter (as light or X rays traversing a vacuum), E=MC2 - see CONSERVATION OF ENERGY, KINETIC ENERGY, POTENTIAL ENERGY 6 : MUZZLE ENERGY syn see POWER

Webster’s Third New International Dictionary

theme-related literature

For general literature on concrete see 'info/technical info'

Bennett, David, Sustainable Concrete Architecture, RIBA Publishing, 2010, ISBN 9781859463529

Moe, Kiel, Thermally Active Surfaces in Architecture, Princeton Architectural Press, 2011, ISBN 9781568988801
pp. 132-145, Kunsthaus Bregenz, Peter Zumthor
pp. 146-155, Zollverein School of Management and Design, SANAA
pp. 156-169, Südwestmetall Regional Headquarters, Dominik Dreiner Architekt
pp. 170-177, Linked Hybrid, Steven Holl Architects

Wapperom, Henk (ed.), Thermisch Actieve Gebouwen, Aeneas, 2011, ISBN 9789461040190

Kees Kaan on 'Escape from the Cavity Wall', in conversation with Siebe Bakker

22.000 Concrete Blocks, 2de Maasvlakte, Rotterdam, NL, 2009

‘stonehenge upon maas’ – re-use of 22.000 40-ton blocks from existing seawall
image / source: Rein Geleijnse / skyscrapercity.com

American Cement Building, Los Angeles, US, 1961
Daniel Mann Johnson + Mendenhall

bris-soleil by artist Malcolm Leland

image / source: bureaubakker

Atlas Building, Wageningen, NL, 2007
Rafael Vinoly Architects & Van den Oever, Zaaijer en Partners

concrete structural exoskeleton
image / source: bureaubakker

Bazaltbor Winery, Badacsonytoma, HR, 2010

image / source: Zsolt Batár / www.dezeen.com

Broëlberg Housing, Kilchberg, CH, 2001

Image / source: bureaubakker

Bruder Klaus Chapel, Wachendorf, DE, 2007
Peter Zumthor

image / source: bureaubakker

Bunker 599 + 603, Culemborg, NL, 2010
Rietveld Landscape

cut through WW2 bunker

image / source: bureaubakker

Caladh Mòr Sheltered Harbour Development, Inis Mèain, Aran Islands,IR, 2010
RPS Consulting Engineers

breakwaters: on site casted Xbloc armour units
image / source: dmc.nl / Irish Concrete Society

Casa Delphin, Santurce, PR
Fuster + Partners

perforated glass reinforced concrete

image / source: fusterpartners.com

Chapel of St.Nepomuk, Oberrealta, CH, 1993
Christian Kerez, Rudolf Fontana

image / source: bureaubakker

Design Academy, Essen, DE, 2006

‘active insulation’ façade, Bollinger + Grohmann

image / source: bureaubakker

Dress Your Body AG, Corcelles- Cormondrèche, CH, 2008
Atelier Oï
filigrene concrete bris-soleil
image / source: Yves André, St. Aubin/CH und Créabéton Matériaux, Lyss/CH

EDF Archives Centre, Bure, FR, 2008

image / source: www.lan-paris.com

EMBANKMENT, The Unilever Series, Turbine Hall, Tate Modern, 2005
Rachel Whiteread

14,000 casts of the inside of different boxes
image / source: bureaubakker

Experimental Pavillion, Kaiserlautern, DE, 2007
TU kaiserslautern

ultra high performance concrete

image / source: www.minimalbaukoerper.de

Giardin Dwellings, Samedan, CH, 2007
Mierta & Kurt Lazzarini Architekten

layered stamped concrete

image / source: Ralph Feiner/ zement + beton 1 11

Haus Meuli, Fläsch, CH, 2001
Bearth & Deplazes

insulated monolithic concrete walls - misapor

image / source: bureaubakker

Historisches Museum, Bern, CH, 2009

image / source: Christoph Schütz / zement + beton 1 11

Holocaust-Memorial, Berlin, DE, 2005
Peter Eisenman

2711 monolithic concrete blocks

image / source: bureaubakker

Hoover Dam, Westerville, Ohio, US, 1936
John L. Savage, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation

concrete arch-gravity dam, 17 generators, maximum capacity: 1345 megawatts
image / source: U.S. Bureau of Reclamation / science.howstuffworks.com

House, 193 Grove Road, London, UK, 1993
Rachel Whiteread

image / source: …

Kunsthaus, Bregenz, A, 1997
Peter Zumthor

image / source: bureaubakker

Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, Vaduz, LI, 2000
Morger + Degelo, Kerez

image / source: bureaubakker

Lucas Nogueira Garcez Pavilion – Oca, Sao Paulo, BR, 1954
Oscar Niemeyer

concrete dome construction
image / source: …

Masdar Institute Campus, Masdar City / Abu Dhabi, AE,
Foster + Partners,

entirely solar powered cluster of buildings
image / source: masdarcity.ae

Menger Sponge, 1926
Karl Menger

2,77226833 D mathematical construction

image / source:…

National Park Museum Zernez, CH, 2009
Valerio Olgiati

insulated monolithic concrete structure

image / source: bureaubakker

One-family house, Köln-Junkersdorf, DE, 2010
Luczak architekten

fair-faced leightweight concrete
image / source: Nicole Compere, BetonMarketing West / beton.org

Pantheon, Rome, IT, 100 AD
Apollodorus of Damascus / Emperor Hadrian

150 roman feet (43,3 meters) diameter dome of Roman Concrete (Opus caementicium)
image / source: bureaubakker

Phaeno Science Center, Wolfsburg, DE
Zaha Hadid Architects

monolithic concrete structural system - AKT

image / source: bureaubakker

School, Paspels, CH, 1998
Valerio Olgiati

image / source: bureaubakker

Shibboleth, The Unilever Series, Turbine Hall, Tate Modern
Doris Salcedo

image / source: bureaubakker

Slim-Crete, NL, 2007
Annekatrien Verdickt, Jan Terwecoren, Marco Romano, Prefadim

mixed densities within one monolithic element
image / source: bureaubakker

Sponge, NL, 2006

Prefab Concrete Casestudy 2006 result

image / source: bureaubakker

Steinkirche, Cazis, CH
Werner Schmidt

image / source: bureaubakker

Tarra Tower, Almere, NL, 2002

image / source: bureaubakker

Tropenhaus, Frutigen, CH, 2009
Gauer Itten Messerli Architekten & Planer

image / source: www.tropenhaus-frutigen.ch

Unité d’Habitation, Berlin, DE, 1957
Le Corbusier

quintessential concrete bris-soleil

image / source: bureaubakker

Vodafone Building, Oporto, PT,
Barbosa Guimarães Arquitectos

image / source: Paulo Lima / stylepark.com

Zürichhorn Park, Zürich, CH

Concrete platform - multi-use

image / source: bureaubakker